Infections have been and will always be a common disease of mankind. It affects the human health in every level, no matter what era it is. Most of the deadliest infections are caused by bacteria. However, it can be prevented or managed, with the use of antibiotics.
Antibiotics can be traced back during the ancient times. The Indians and the Greeks once used molds and other plants for the treatment of infections. Also, moldy bread was used to treat infections and wounds. Warm soil, on the other hand, was used in Russia in order to cure wounds. These are among the feats that were discovered during the ancient times.
The Rise Of Alexander Fleming
Before the dawn of the 20th century, treatments of infections were based on medicinal folklore. However, many biologists and pharmacologists looked for a way to treat infections effectively. One of them was Alexander Fleming wrote many articles involving chemotherapy, bacteriology and immunology. He was best known for his groundbreaking discovery of the antibiotic called Penicillin, which came from the mold Penicillium notatum.
With Fleming’s discovery, it has become possible to treat gangrene, syphilis and tuberculosis. Also, he has a major contribution towards medical sciences. His discovery of antibiotics earned him the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1945.
How Antibiotics Work?
There are two ways antibiotics work. The first one is through bactericidal antibiotic. It works by killing the bacteria by snooping to the formation of the cell wall of the bacteria, or the contents of the cells. The second one is through bacteriostatic antibiotic. It stops bacteria from spreading or multiplying by the interference of the production of bacterial protein. Today, antibiotics revolutionized the medical field. Millions of people eliminated their infections because of antibiotics.